Beetle (order Coleoptera) is the most diverse animal order, containing about 176 families worldwide, with closest rivals being Hymenoptera (132 families) and Lepidoptera (126 families). Let’s learn about some of the most notable beetle families.
There are more than 400,000 species of beetle worldwide, and scientists keep discovering new species. In fact, there are more species of beetles (order Coleoptera) than species of other animal groups! The closest rival would be butterflies and moths (order Lepidoptera), but they are just over 120,000 species.
The praying mantis is named for its prominent forelegs that are always bent and held together as the position of prayer. It is often mistakenly named ‘preying’ mantis, although this is also quite true! They are formidable predators of other insects, and even small animals such as lizards and hummingbirds!
The key driver of butterfly extinction is the loss of habitat. Human clear lands for agriculture, logging, mining, roads, and urban development. As a result, the food plants for caterpillars and adults are removed. Conditions that support the ecosystem change, making the land unsuitable for butterflies.