In 2010, the European Red List of IUCN reported that a third of 435 European species of butterflies have declined in populations over the last 10 years. In America, the Monarch butterfly, famous for their extraordinary numbers during migration, have plummeted in number from 682 million (1997) to 150 million (2016). Over in Asia, many already endangered species such as the Birdwing butterflies and so on have suffered further population decline in the wild.
Queen Alexandra birdwing
Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing
The key driver of butterfly extinction is the loss of habitat. Human clear lands for agriculture, logging, mining, roads, and urban development. As a result, the food plants for caterpillars and adults are removed. Conditions that support the ecosystem change, making the land unsuitable for butterflies. Furthermore, these jewels are poached by collectors, mostly illegally. In short, the more lands we clear, the less habitats are available for butterflies to dwell and breed.
How can you save them?
More plants in your garden or balcony means more food for the caterpillars and nectar for the adults.
- Reduce chemicals
Agricultural chemicals hurt the environment very much, and butterflies are among the victims.
- Support conservation
Join or volunteer for conservation projects of such as tree-planting.
- Reduce, reuse, recycle
Make your wastes useful and conserve our depleting natural resources.