- Butterflies and moths are the second most abundant species of insects in the world, after the beetles.
- Butterflies exist on all continents except Antarctica.
- Butterflies have a long natural history on Earth. Scientists have discovered butterfly fossils, one being Prodryas persophone, dating back 40 million years ago.
- However, scientists suggest that butterflies evolved along with the development of flowering plants during the Cretaceous Period about 65-135 million years ago.
- Generally, butterflies are known to be the most beautiful insects in the world.
- Artists, designers, poets and songwriters have been using butterflies as subjects and inspirations in their work.
- In some cultures, butterflies are often portrayed as symbols of souls, freedom, love and peace.
- The butterfly’s life cycle is often used as a teaching tool in Science for young children. The transformation process from caterpillar to pupa is one of the most marvellous wonders in nature.
- The butterfly is also used in early studies to show an insect’s body parts.
- Studying the arrangement of scales on butterflies’ wings have inspired researchers to invent solar panels.
- Butterfly farming encourages eco-tourism.
- Butterflies are important pollinators to most agricultural crops.
- In addition to their ecological niche, butterflies are also a food source to predators like birds, spiders, lizards and other animals.